The evaluator said, “Current test results indicate that he is a bright boy who functions cognitively within the high average to above average ranges, particularly on language free measures of cognitive capability. He demonstrates information processing strengths in listening comprehension, long term memory, and rote recall facts and details, visual analysis/synthesis of abstract and geometric forms and non-verbal learning. In contrast he presents with classic symptoms of a language based learning disorder of the dyslexic type that is characterized by deficits in phonological awareness, phonological memory, rapid naming, short term auditory working memory, and the ability to form sound-symbol relationships.”
“He demonstrates what is frequently referred to as “Double Deficit” in Dyslexia; that is, he not only has problems with the phonological components of language but also with the orthographic aspects of symbol directionality. This combination of weaknesses necessitates the provision of synthetic, phonetic, code emphasis instruction that is specifically geared to meet the needs of the dyslexic child.”
Individuals with deficits in Phonological Awareness are viewed as the “hallmark of reading disability/ dyslexia. Individuals who score poorly on rapid naming tasks commonly have problems with reading fluency. Those with deficits in both rapid naming and phonological awareness appear to be at the greatest risk for reading problems compared to individuals with deficits in only one of the two areas.
Orthography is the set of symbols or letters that make up a language. In the English language this would be the twenty six alphabetic symbols that are heavily based on sound symbol relationships. In languages comprised of alphabetic symbols phonological awareness is a VERY IMPORTANT factor in reading acquisition. And so Orthography relates to problems in the directionality of the letters as well as the identification and manipulation of letters in reading, writing and spelling.
There we had it. My child was one of the lucky ones (sarcasm)! He had the whole shebang!!! He had the most severe form of Dyslexia that one could have. To top it off, he had, “Double Deficit Dyslexia” along with his other co-morbid diagnosis’.
You can read about Double Deficit Dyslexia at:
You can read about types of Dyslexia at:
As I mentioned before I actually felt a sigh of relief. At least we knew the demon we were dealing with and I was big believer in sharing this information with my son. After all he deserved to know he wasn’t STUPID! As a matter of fact, it was quite the opposite. He was a very bright intelligent and tough little boy. The only stupidity I saw was an educational system that fails children and I was going to do something about it….
Copyrighted 2011: danadogooder and DMT